GREAT BARRED FROG
GREAT BARRED FROG
Adults. Males to 65 mm, females to 101 mm. Back is smooth and copper-brown, yellow-brown, or dark brown in colour, with darker patches along the spine. Sides are light brown or cream with a series of dark spots or blotches. Belly is white and smooth. Head is broad with a rounded snout. A black or brown triangular patch on the tip of the snout continues as a dark stripe running from the nostril, past the eye, and ending above and just behind the obvious tympanum (eardrum). Upper lip has an unmarked, cream-coloured line. Pupil is vertical and iris is dark brown, sometimes with copper flecks in the upper half. Arms and legs with narrow, dark bars. Fingers are unwebbed, toes are three-quarters webbed, both without pads.
Larvae. Tadpoles can reach up to 84 mm in length in the wild, but may grow much larger (142 mm) in captivity. Body is oval-shaped and gold-brown or grey-brown in colour with darker patches and snout is rounded. Belly is clear initially, but darkens to blue-grey or off-white in later stages. Iris is mostly gold. Tail is only slightly taller than the body and moderately arched, tapering to a rounded tip, but this may vary in different habitats; stream-dwellers may have more of an arched tail than pond-dwellers. Fins are mostly transparent with scattered spots and muscle is patchy dark brown with rounded spots. Tadpoles metamorphose from January-March, but larval stage may last a year or more.1,5
Eggs. The female kicks 700-2800 eggs from a pond or stream up to 20 cm onto a bank or rock face above the water, where they stick. Hatchlings wriggle into the water or are washed into the pond or stream by runoff during rain. Hatching occurs 11 to 18 days after eggs are laid.1,5
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